Guide for Authors

Pre-Submission Guidelines

  1. Online Submission System:
    Submission to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.
  2. References: References should be arranged in American Psychological Association (APA) style. We strongly recommend the use Reference Management Software such as EndNote, Mandalay etc for in-text citation and references.
  3. Peer Review Process: The JGSS operates a single-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the Editor-in-Chief for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two independent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles and his decision is final.
  4. Word Limit: JGSS provides word-count and manuscript length guidelines to streamline the submission and review process. The word-count scheme is a follows;
    • The title must not be more than 22 words
    • The journal recommends a structured abstract of not more than 250 words
    • The length of article must be between 7000-8000 words including, text of the manuscript, tables, figures, authors’ contribution, acknowledgements, conflict of reference, references and appendixes if any.
  5. Open Access and Article processing charges: The Journal of Geography and Social Sciences (JGSS)” is an open access journal, therefore, to publish in JGSS, authors are required to pay an article processing charge (APC) once manuscripts are accepted for publication.
  6. Cover Letter: A cover letter should accompany each submitted manuscript; it should include a brief statement that describes the significance of the work, and affirms the work is original and has not been published elsewhere. Also include the names, addresses, telephone numbers, and email addresses of at least 5 qualified, potential reviewers.
  7. Journal’s Template
    • All manuscripts submitted to JGSS should be prepared following the journal’s template.
    • Font type and size is given in the JGSS’s template. Follow the template available on Journal’s website.
    • All articles must be 1.5 spaced. This is an essential requirement for peer review process.
    • Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file.
    • Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, …), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to ‘the text’.
    • Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
    • Appendices should be identified as A, B, etc. Formula and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
    • If the articles includes any Supplementary material, this should be included in the initial submission for peer review purposes.

Structure of the Article

Key Words
1. Introduction
2. Methods
    2.1 Study Design
    2.2 Setting
    2.3 Participants
    2.4 Variables
    2.5 Data Sources/Measurement
    2.6 Sample Design
    2.7 Statistical Methods
    2.8 Ethical Considerations (if applicable)
3. Results
4. Discussion
5. Conclusion
Authors Contribution
Conflicts of Interest
Appendixes (If any)



Title should be concise (not more than 22 words) and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations where possible.

Authors’ names and affiliations: Please mention full names and author’s affiliation addresses. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation along with their emails.

Corresponding author: Please mention name of corresponding author, affiliation, postal and along with email address.


A structured abstract of 250 words should be prepared with clear sub-sections namely, background, methods, results and conclusion.

Key words: A total of 4-6 key words should be added.

  1. Introduction

Begin by describing the problem that you wanted to solve through the piece of research you are writing about. Provide an adequate background. Explain why that problem is important. Next, briefly review what has been done so far to solve the problem. Finally, introduce the study by pointing out what is new about this research as compared to past research. State the objectives of the work.

  1. Methods

This section may be divided by subheadings. It should provide a concise and precise description of the experimental results, their interpretation as well as the experimental conclusions that can be drawn.

2.1 Study Design: Present key elements of study design early in the paper.
2.2 Setting: Describe the setting, locations, and relevant dates, including periods of recruitment, exposure, follow-up, and data collection.
2.3 Participants (if any): Give the eligibility criteria, and the sources and methods of selection of Participants
2.4 Variables: Clearly define all outcomes, exposures, predictors, potential confounders, and effect Give diagnostic criteria, if applicable.
2.5 Data Sourcefs/Measurement: For each variable of interest, give sources of data and details of methods of assessment (measurement). Describe comparability of assessment methods if there is more than one group
2.6 Sample Design: Explain the type of sampling and how the sample size was arrived at.
2.7 Statistical methods:
      a) Describe all statistical methods used during the analysis of data
      b) Describe any methods used to examine subgroups and interactions
      c) Explain how missing data were addressed

      d)  If applicable, describe analytical methods taking account of sampling strategy

2.8 Ethical considerations: (if applicable) describe any efforts to address potential sources of bias.

  1. Results

The purpose of a Results section is to present the key results of your research.

  1. Discussions

Authors should discuss the results and how they can be interpreted in perspective of previous studies and of the working hypotheses. The findings and their implications should be discussed in the broadest context possible. Future research directions may also be highlighted.

  1. Conclusion

This section is mandatory. The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three paragraph conclusion may be required (Bunton, 2005).

Author Contributions

For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided.


Please add: “This research received no external funding” or “This research was funded by [name of funder] grant number [xxx]”. Check carefully that the details given are accurate and use the standard spelling of funding agency names at, any errors may affect your future funding.


 In this section you can acknowledge any support given which is not covered by the author contribution or funding sections. This may include administrative and technical support, or donations in kind (e.g., materials used for experiments).

Conflicts of Interest

Declare conflicts of interest or state “The authors declare no conflict of interest.” Authors must identify and declare any personal circumstances or interest that may be perceived as inappropriately influencing the representation or interpretation of reported research results. Any role of the funders in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results must be declared in this section. If there is no role, please state “The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, and in the decision to publish the results”.


References must be arranged following American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Style. We recommend using the references management software, such as EndNote, ReferenceManager, Mendeley or Zotero to avoid typing mistakes and duplicated references. Include the digital object identifier (DOI) for all references

In-text citation (APA) style

1. Author’s name in parentheses  One study found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic (Gass & Varonis, 1984). 
2. Author’s name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis (1984) found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.
3. Group as author: First citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2015)
Subsequent citation: (APA, 2015)
4. Direct quote (include page number and place quotation marks around the direct quote)
One study found that “the listener’s familiarity with the topic of discourse greatly facilitates the interpretation of the entire message” (Gass & Varonis, 1994, p. 85).
5. Works by Multiple Authors One author: (Field, 2005)
Two authors: (Gass & Varonis, 1984)
Three to five authors:
First citation: (Tremblay, Richer, Lachance, & Cote, 2010)
Subsequent citations: (Tremblay et al., 2010)
Six or more authors: (Norris-Shortle et al., 2006)

References (APA) Style

1. Edited Book Gibbs, J. T., & Huang, L. N. (Eds.). (1991). Children of color:
Psychological interventions with minority youth.San
Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
2. Journal Article Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring process
in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice
and Research, 45(2), 10-36. doi:10.1037/1061-
3.      Report U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes
of Health, National Institute of Nursing Research. (2011).
Palliative care: The relief you need when you’re
experiencing the symptoms of serious illness (NIH
Publication No. 11-6415). Retrieved from
4. Conference Hilburn, T. B., Squires, A., & Madachy, R. (2012). A model for
educating systems engineers. 2012 IEEE International
Systems Conference (SysCon 2012), 14-18.
5. Webpage Concordia University. (n.d.). Concordia’s history. Retrieved from
6. Thesis: Considine, M. (1986). Australian insurance politics in the 1970s:
 Two case studies. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation).
University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.


Appendix A (if any)

The appendix is an optional section that can contain details and data supplemental to the main text.

Appendix B (if any)

All appendix sections must be cited in the main text. In the appendixes, Figures, Tables, etc. should be labeled starting with ‘A’, e.g., Figure A1, Figure A2, etc.

       Journal of Geography and Social Sciences